Wherever there is a child struggling in school, few parents might find it difficult to understand the exact reason behind the struggle which leads to frustration & annoyance. If your child has trouble in reading, writing or understanding few things, the cause can be Learning Disability. Learning disabilities affect one’s ability to interpret what one sees and hears or to link information from different parts of the brain. It affects a person’s ability to understand or use language, to do math calculations, to coordinate movements, or to direct attention.
Learning Disability is usually diagnosed in children once they start school & they have a hard time focusing on learning, or making an organized effort to get homework done. Difficulty with basic reading and language skills are the most common learning disabilities. As many as 80% of the students with learning disabilities have reading problem.
Types of Learning Disability
Learning Disability should also not be confused with other disabilities such as autism, intellectual disability, deafness, blindness, and behavioral disorders. Some Learning Disabilities are:
- Dyslexia – a language-based disability in which a person has trouble understanding written words.
- Dyscalculia – a mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts.
- Dysgraphia – a writing disability.
- Auditory and Visual Processing Disorders – sensory disabilities in which a person has difficulty understanding language
- Nonverbal Learning Disabilities – a neurological disorder
What can be the symptoms?
- Slow, inaccurate reading
- When reading, difficulty or inability to understand the meaning of words
- Poor or inaccurate spelling
- Lack of clarity in ideas, and poor paragraph organization
- Difficulties in understanding the relationship of numbers or difficulties with calculations
- Difficulties in solving quantitative
- Their difficulties or problems with academic skills are greater than expected of typical development at the individual’s age
What can be the cause?
There are many reasons of why someone suffers from Learning Disability but few causes are:
- Genetic predisposition
- Tobacco, alcohol, or substance used by the mother during pregnancy
- Low birth weight, prematurity, and birth trauma or distress
- Environmental toxins, such as lead poisoning
- Central nervous system Infections
- Severe head trauma
- Illness during and after birth.
- Stress during infancy
How can we help?
Learning disabilities have no cure, but early intervention can lessen their effects. Getting help earlier increases the chance of success in school and later in life. If learning disabilities remain untreated, a child may begin to feel frustrated, which can lead to low self-esteem and other problems.
We, at IHS, work with a child to strengthen the skills he needs to be able to keep up with his daily tasks. We come to the action with a range of professional backgrounds, from special education to speech and language therapy to psychology. We understand an individual child’s learning style, and then develop strategies to build on his strengths. The first thing IHS does is to build a positive relationship with the child.
Few of our approaches includes:
- Clinical Psychologist: Our well qualified psychologist with a great exposure conducts specific intelligence test to determine whether the child’s intellectual functioning is normal and to assess the child’s performance in areas like reading, spelling, written language, and mathematics.
- Therapy:IHS provides special therapies depending on the learning disorder. For example, speech therapy can help children who have language disabilities. Occupational therapy might help improve the motor skills of a child who has writing problems. Alternative therapies like music, art, dance also benefits children with learning disabilities.